Higher education plays a vital role in developing the knowledge
economy and producing skilled workers to empower human
resources for the country. Like many other developing countries, Pakistan is
struggling hard to improve the quality of higher education for sustainable
development and participation in global progress. Since the last decade, Higher
Education Commission Pakistan is committed to upgrading the quality of
education, and for this purpose, HEC has designed Minimum Quality Standards
(MQS) to assure quality for affiliated institutions. The main objective of the study
was to evaluate R&D practices in affiliated institutions of Pakistan. The study was
descriptive in nature, and a questionnaire based on Minimum Quality Standards
was used to collect data from faculty members (n-168) of 28 affiliated institutions
by using multistage sampling. The results indicated that affiliated colleges of two
provinces, Punjab and Khyber Pohutukawa, were better in research and
development practices than the institutions of Sindh and Baluchistan.
1-Allah Wasaya Babar PhD Scholar, Department of Educational Training, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Muhammad Shakir Associate Professor, Department of Educational Training, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Afaf Manzoor Assistant Professor, Department of Special Education, University of Education, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
Quality, Standards, Affiliated colleges, Research & Development