The purpose of this research was to analyse the relationship
development and communication competence of MPhil/PhD
supervisors. A confirmatory mixed-methods research design was used to
conduct the study in two stages. For both phases, 360 MPhil/PhD graduates and
72 supervisors were selected from four public universities in Punjab using a
multistage sampling technique. Data were collected electronically from 239
MPhil/PhD graduates during phase-I using an adapted questionnaire from
ASHA's supervision model, while in phase-II, 72 MPhil/PhD supervisors were
interviewed to cross-check the Phase-I findings. According to MPhil/PhD
graduates, their supervisors have relationship development and communication
competence. During interviews, most MPhil/PhD supervisors refute their
supervisees' claims and offer suggestions to improve supervisors' competence.
Based on supervisor suggestions, the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan
should revise the supervision structure, provide Postdoctoral fellowships to all
supervisors, and promote international conferences. This study may be helpful
to supervisors in self-evaluation as well as understanding relationship
development and communication competence.
1-Muhammad Sher Baz Ali PhD Scholar, Department of Education, University of Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Ashfaque Ahmad Shah Dean, Faculty of Education, Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Baltistan Skardu, Pakistan.3-Muhammad Sarwar Director, QEC, University of Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan.