This interview study aimed to explore the perceptions and
practices of the university teachers regarding student
engagement in History & Pakistan Studies classrooms. Data were collected
from four PhD professors from a public sector university. A qualitative
research design was used, and semi-structured interviews were conducted.
Thematic analysis was done to extract findings from the qualitative data. The
finding is arranged into three themes, i.e., student engagement, instructional
strategies, and classroom management. The finding suggested that teachers
use different strategies and practices to improve student engagement.
Moreover, teachers used different practices to make their classes interesting.
It is reported that having a cordial teacher-student relationship is beneficial
for enhancing student engagement level and overall performance at the
postgraduate level of education. Effective classroom management plays a
significant role in creating a positive learning environment for engaging
1-Gouhar Pirzada MPhil Scholar, Department of Education, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.2-Yaar Muhammad Assistant Professor, Department of Education, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.3-Saba Zaka District Trainer, Department of Literacy and Non-Formal Basic Education, Gujranwala, Punjab, Pakistan.
Classroom Management, Instructional Strategies, Students Engagement, Higher Education, Engaging Instructions, University Teachers